Art and Archaeology Analysis
Terra900S series handheld alloy analyzer can be a convenient inspection tool for element concentration analysis of field Art and Archaeology analysis requirement and can be a good assistant tool for archaeologists and researcher people in museum.
Art and Archaeology Analysis

The preservation and research of ancient relics have given us a deeper understanding and understanding of human civilization and culture. The ancestors who have no written records are curious and confused, so adhering to the will to explore, they began to excavate and explore the objects and monuments handed down by the people of the past, and preserve the obtained ancient objects.

With the development of science and technology, there are more archaeological means and methods for archaeologists to collect samples. Now moving an antiquity can easily damage the value of the antiquity. Therefore, more institutions and research scholars adopt non-destructive testing on ancient relics, keep all cultural relics in their original places, and adopt the principle of no damage.

Instrument Analysis is Important for the Analysis of Cultural Relics

A large number of antiquities are hidden in the wild place. Those rare and precious historical objects need to be explored and discovered by researchers. During excavation and searching for antiquities, due to factors such as the environment and weather, the difficulty of excavation will definitely increase. Therefore, a Portable and easy-to-operate instruments can help archaeologists work.

Archaeologists and conservators have, for many years, relied on large expensive laboratory-housed instruments and their attendant specialist operators to characterize the smallest attributes of their materials elemental composition. While some material culture researchers have learned the physics necessary to read and quantify the elemental spectra rendered by such devices, the majority has been content to allow laboratory staff to provide them their data with little concern about such issues as calibration methods, standard reference materials, or peak overlaps. The increased awareness and accessibility of relatively inexpensive and easy to use handheld/portable X-ray Fluorescent Spectrometers with built-in calibration software has provided archaeologists and conservators with an alternative to the costly, time consuming, and very often destructive laboratory-based analysis.

The Role of Handheld XRF Played in the Field Archeology

Non-destructive analysis using a handheld XRF analyzer on the site of cultural relics can provide valuable information for archaeologists in the evaluation of archaeological sites: helping archaeologists to further understand the site to be excavated next, the homogeneity of materials, the cave The authenticity of the murals and other more information; it can also be used for field investigation and research, and through GPS technology, instantaneous metal mapping can be obtained, thus raising the research in the field of archaeology to a whole new level.

However, in archaeological excavations, a considerable number of ancient relics were damaged, deformed or decayed when they were unearthed, making it impossible to distinguish the authenticity. There are also many ground cultural relics that have been preserved to this day. Due to the sun, rain, wind and oxidation, they will be destroyed in one day. In order to preserve these precious cultural relics and human heritage for a long time, how should we identify their authenticity and preserve and restore them?

In terms of identifying the authenticity of cultural relics and judging the correct recovery materials, handheld XRF is an ideal tool that can help analysts identify cultural relics without damaging them. X-ray analysis of elements by hand-held XRF analyzers can accurately determine the history of these elements. If this information does not match the known pigment material of the relevant artist, it can detect counterfeiting. The same holds true for the identification of base materials for ceramics and statuary, and for the identification and recovery of ink marks on ancient manuscripts.

When painting historic buildings with modern, non-toxic materials, handheld XRF analyzers can also help reproduce the building's original glaze color. In addition, the analyzer can identify arsenic or lead residues left over from old, toxic preservatives on historical artifacts typically made of natural materials such as feathers or fur. Many museums and cultural heritage research departments routinely use handheld XRF analyzers.

Handheld XRF Application in Archaeology Fields

  • Archaeological survey

Quickly acquire geochemical data. On-site soil testing at suspected historic sites using trend analysis of soil elemental composition to identify areas such as buried architectural features, hearth areas, volcanic pits and cemeteries.

  • Restoration and Provenance

Determine the provenance. Identify the composition of pigments and other materials in paintings and glazes to help preserve and restore artefacts. Safe and non-destructive inspection of paintings without taking them out of the frame

  • Identification and Preservation

Authenticating various works of art and artifacts uses elemental composition data to determine how items have been preserved in the past, and how they should be better preserved in the future.

  • Analysis on the origin of cultural relics

It can effectively help archaeologists to trace the source of cultural relics. At the same time, being able to determine the characteristics of its mineral composition can help researchers determine the source of mineral materials, thereby bringing more help to the restoration of cultural relics.

  • Dating

Geological Survey have adopted handheld XRF analyzers to provide the elemental analysis needed to collect important dating clues in rocks, alloys and other materials.

AXR Scientific Handheld XRF Analyzer Advantage for Art and Archaeology Analysis

An energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence technology (ED-XRF) provides breakthrough advances in multi-elemental analysis of major, minor, and trace element concentrations. New developments in excitation and detection deliver outstanding sensitivity and detection limits with yielding remarkable results in precision and accuracy for elements in art works and historical relics.

Terra900S series handheld alloy analyzer can be a convenient inspection tool for element concentration analysis of field Art and Archaeology analysis requirement and can be a good assistant tool for archaeologists and researcher people in museum.

In addition, Terra 900S Series handheld alloy analyzer also has the following advantages:

(a) The handheld XRF analyzer is portable and easy to use on site
(b) No sample preparation required for non-destructive testing
(c) Short detection time, reliable quantitative analysis results

The Terra900S series of handheld alloy analyzers provide a relatively complete solution for the quality monitoring and safety compliance testing. The instrument is equipped with high-performance X-ray tube and Si-Pin/SDD detector to provide users with fast and accurate element concentration analysis. In addition, an optional large-area silicon drift detector is provided to further improve instrument resolution and reduce analysis time.

AXR Scientific is a high-tech manufacturer focusing on the development and application of X-ray technology products. It is committed to becoming a world-class supplier of X-ray industrial inspection solutions.AXR Scientific currently offer handheld XRF analyzer, handheld alloy analyzer, handheld soil analyzer, handheld lithium battery analyzer, precious metal analyzer, coating analyzer, gold analyzer and online XRF analyzer etc. to global customers. We keep serving global customers in the fields of machinery manufacturing, metal processing, aerospace, petrochemical, mining and geology, food safety, environmental protection, scientific research and etc. AXR Scientific keeps improving product performance and user experience with R&D advantages and innovative designs, and continues to provide global users with reliable X-ray measure solutions to solve various challenges from routine testing tasks to complex customized measure requirements. To contact us, please send email to

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